Eight More Deaths in Cuba From the Rains, Which Damaged 9,972 Homes

Heavy rains from subtropical storm Alberto caused major loss of lives, homes and crops. (14ymedio)

14ymedio bigger14ymedio, via EFE, Havana, 6 June 2018 — Cuba reported this Wednesday the death of one of the two people who disappeared in the intense rains of last week, and 8 deaths were added to the previous total. The rains also damaged 9,972 homes, of which 486 were total collapses, according to information provided in a meeting led by Cuban president Miguel Diaz-Canel.

With the passage of subtropical storm Alberto, which caused serious flooding and left 115 communities in the eastern and central part of the Island completely cut off, the additional deaths included seven men and one woman died in the provinces of Pinar del Río, Matanzas, Sancti Spiritus, Villa Clara and Ciego de Ávila, according to official reports.

Last Saturday, initial reports from the General Staff of Civil Defense included a missing a 17-year-old from Villa Clara who might have been swept away by the Arimao River, and a 51-year-old man missing in Chambas, Ciego of Ávila. Both provinces are in the center of the country. continue reading

The state newspaper Granma did not specify today in its report of the meeting — held on Monday — which of the two is the now known to have died.

Díaz-Canel asked the interior minister, Vice Admiral Julio César Gandarilla, to carry out “a detailed analysis, case by case, to determine the causes that caused those regrettable events,” Granma noted.

The Cuban president said, “there are acts of social indiscipline and recklessness” despite “the constant calls to order” to the population by the authorities of the island, which issues warnings before, during and after the passage of meteorological phenomena.

Diaz-Canel also insisted “that the country should remain alert as intense rains have been predicted in the coming days, for which they must be prepared.”

Due to the storm, 62,000 people were evacuated in the western and central parts of the Island.

Preliminary reports put the homes affected by the rains at 9,972 — of which 486 were totally demolished — according to the Minister of Construction, René Mesa, who assured that they have already allocated resources to compensate for the damages.

In Cuba’s central zone some 700 kilometers of roads were damaged, most of them flooded, so that even today nine places in the Sancti Spiritus province remain isolated.

The “most difficult scenario,” according to the official report, is access to the community of Zaza del Medio, the bridge to which was partially destroyed by the flood waters of the Zaza River.

Due to heavy rainfall, Cuba lost 1,500 hectares of beans, while some 10,000 hectares of other food crops were affected.

“At present, everything is being harvested and taken directly to the markets,” said the Deputy Minister of Agriculture, Julio García.

There is also “intensive” work underway to minimize possible losses affecting about 5,000 hectares of rice that continues under water in the western province of Pinar del Río. In addition, 600 tons of rice under water in Ciego de Avila cannot be harvested.

In that same territory, where about 70% of the tobacco harvested on the island is produced, more than 150 hectares of the leaf have been lost, which serves as raw material for the famous Cuban cigars whose export is an important source of hard currency for the country’s coffers.

During the meeting it was also stated that the epidemiological situation on the island “is under control” and “so far no outbreak of disease has occurred,” said Health Minister Roberto Morales.

The intense rains of storm Alberto have filled Cuba’s dams, where some 5 million cubic meters of water are stored, a situation that contrasts with last year, in which the island experienced one of the worst droughts in the last 110 years.


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Cuba Has Debts with More than 250 Spanish Companies, says Jaime Garcia-Legaz

The Melia Cohiba Hotel in Havana, Cuba.

14ymedio biggerEFE, via 14ymedio, Havana, 14 June 2018 — Spanish companies with a presence in Cuba seek to overcome the financial difficulties they face in order to maintain their privileged position in the market and increase investment, said visiting company representatives this Thursday in Havana.

“Cuba is a market and a country of the future, and when it is finally integrated into the global market, we Spanish companies have to be first in line,” said Alfredo Bonet, international director for the Spanish Chamber of Commerce, which organizes the XXII Spanish-Cuban Business Committee begun today in Havana.

Representatives of the Spanish business sector and its Cuban counterparts addressed, on the first day of the meeting, ways to overcome “the financial difficulties of the last two years,” according to Bonet, which affect approximately 250 Spanish companies with presence on the Island.

Specifically it has to do with the “the Cuban public sector’s unpaid debts” to these companies, explained the Spanish co-president of the bilateral committee, Jamie Garcia-Legaz, a problem that makes continued business projects as well as new investments on the Island difficult.

“The Cuban government is making every effort that is within its reach in order to make payments, although the macro-economic situation does not help either,” said Garcia-Legaz in relation to the recent bump Cuba experienced as a consequence of the deep crisis of recent years in Venezuela, its principal partner and defender in the region.

Thus, both parties have put in place financial tools in recent years, like the lines of support from COFIDES for the internationalization of small and medium businesses and especially the exchange fund created with 400 million dollars of debt that Spain forgave Cuba in 2015.

This fund, which still finances five operations and is looking at another five, “has permitted co-financing investments by Spanish companies and helping finance everything possible in local currency,” according to the international director of the Chamber of Commerce.

The Bilateral Committee meetings are held annually, though no meeting was held in 2017, and are the main channel of dialogue and connection between the Spanish businesses and Cuban authorities.

During Thursday’s work day, Garcia-Legaz and his Cuban counterpart at the head of the committee, Orlando Hernandez, signed the work program for 2018 and 2019, and tomorrow will conclude the meeting with institutional visits by the Spanish delegation made up of by 88 members.

After China and Venezuela, Spain is Cuba’s third commercial partner, to which it exports about 900 million euros’ of various products, from food to parts and machinery, according to data from the Chamber.

Translated by Mary Lou Keel


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Cuban Coalition in Miami Announces Media Campaign Against Cruise Trips to the Island

The cruise ship ‘Adonia’ has already provoked protests in Miami by anti-Castro groups. (14ymedio)

14ymedio biggerEFE, via 14ymedio, Miami, 7 June 2018 — The Cuban Resistance Assembly kicked off in Miami a new media campaign, No Colabores [“Do Not Collaborate”] against cruise-ship trips to Cuba and insisted on no support of tourism to the Island because it “directly finances the repression” of the opposition.

Orlando Gutiérrez, director of the Assembly composed of organizations within and outside the Island, explained during a press conference that this activity additionally contributes to the “exploitation” of Cuban workers and makes use of confiscated properties, e.g. the piers where the ships dock. continue reading

“Cruise ships cannot function without the exploitation of the Cuban people, who, besides, have always been harmed by Cuba’s dual currency,” Gutiérrez asserted.

The campaign includes TV spots and two billboards installed near busy avenues and streets adjacent to the Miami neighborhood of Little Havana. It calls those who travel to Cuba by cruise ship “accomplices” to the stampedes that occur on the Island towards cruise-ship travelers.

During the press conference, Sylvia Iriondo, president of Mothers and Women Against Repression (MAR), claimed that there is a direct connection between the revenue that the Cuban government receives from tourism, and the ill-treatment to which opposition members such as the Ladies in White are subjected.

“Tourism increases the repression; it is one of the major sources of income for the military,” and it is difficult to separate it from the hostilities inflicted on dissidents, Iriondo said.

She assured besides that this money, estimated at $3-billion annually, never goes to the people of the Island. “It does not better the lives of Cubans–it increases the resources for the regime to carry out repression,” Iriondo added.

Javier Garcés, who spoke on behalf of Cubans whose properties were confiscated 60 years ago “in violation of national and international laws,” said that they cannot remain “silenced” while in Cuba “they use our properties.”

Meanwhile, the Mexican judge René Bolio, who presides over the Justicia Cuba (JC) commission, stated that the functionaries who manage tourism on the Island are “directly” linked to the human rights violators under investigation by this international group of activists, with the objective of bringing them to justice.

During the press conference, Bolio mentioned Alejandro Martínez, manager of the Hotel Nacional de La Habana, as an example of individuals being investigated by JC.

On the other hand, the director of the Assembly of the Cuban Resistance announced that next Saturday they will collect signatures supporting a request to US President Donald Trump for legislative changes that would permit JC to try those responsible for repression in Cuba.

Along those lines, Iriondo pointed out that the Cuban ex-president, Raúl Castro, should be tried for the deaths of four pilots with Hermanos al Rescate [Brothers to the Rescue] who were shot down by Cuban fighter-bombers in 1996.

Translated by: Alicia Barraqué Ellison 


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Cuban Government Blames the Weather for Worst Harvest in More Than a Century

Since the end of April, the constant rains forced most of the country’s 54 sugar mills to shut down. (EFE)

14ymedio biggerEFE, via 14ymedio, Havana, 5 June 2018 – Cuba finished the 2017-2018 sugar harvest ahead of schedule and without meeting the its production targets due to the effects of weather events including an intense drought, the scourge of Hurricane Irma last year, and the rains that fell on the island in recent days.

This was reported by the directors of the Azcuba state sugar group, which heads the sector on the island, during an appearance before the Agri-Food Commission of the National Assembly of People’s Power, one of the ten belonging to that legislative body that met Monday in Havana

Industry experts calculate that the final harvest results, whose figures have not yet been disclosed, will be around 1.1 million tons of sugar compared to the 1.6 million tons initially forecast, which had recently been reduced to 1.3 million in response to the weather problems. continue reading

That data would match that of the 2009-2010 season, the worst in more than a century and considered the moment when this industry, which decades ago was the island’s economic engine, hit rock bottom.

Since then the sector has failed to take off to recreate the results of up to eight million tons that managed to reach in earlier years.

Adverse climate events marked this year’s sugar harvest from its beginning, causing delays and subsequently forcing repeated stoppages, poor industrial output and affecting the energy balance of the sugar factories, due to the poor quality of the cane, explained the first vice president of Azcuba, José Carlos Santos.

Sugar production in Cuba in Million Metric Tons, 1985 to 2017, from government sources.

These factors caused a “total deterioration” of the sugar plan indicators, added the executive, quoted by the state-run Cuban News Agency.

Since the end of April, the constant rains stopped the processing of the cane in most of the country’s 54 sugar mills, he said.

With regards to the situation of the main indicators of the industry, the executive said that the industrial output reached 98%, the behavior of the estimate of cane was 104% and the delivery of electricity to the national electric power system was 84%.

The head of Azcuba, Orlando Celso García, said in the parliamentary session on Monday that the preparations for the 2018-2019 sugarcane season will advance depending on the repairs of the plants, the equipment and the available resources.

He went on to say that the next harvest is expected to start early and will have enough raw material because 60% of the cane that milled is what is left from the current harvest.

Cuba produced some 1.8 million tons in the 2016-2017 sugar harvest.


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Carnival Lines Announces New Cruise from South Carolina to Cuba in 2019

A cruise ship docked in Havana. (14ymedio)

14ymedio biggerEFE via 14ymedio, Miami, 16 May 2018 — Carnival Cruise Lines announced on Tuesday the expansion of its cruise itineraries to Cuba with sailings from the port of Charleston, South Carolina, starting in 2019, while the airlines JetBlue and United Airlines also plan to increase their flights to the Island.

Carnival said in a statement that it will expand its trips to Cuba by 2019 with the first itinerary from Charleston and the addition of between 23 and 25 cruise days on five different ships departing from Miami and Fort Lauderdale, both on the east coast of Florida, and from Tampa, on the west coast of the state.

The ship that will sail from the port of Charleston is the Carnival Sunshine, with a capacity of 3,002 passengers and 102,853 tons, which will be the largest cruise ship that will dock in the port of Havana, said Carnival. continue reading

The Carnival Triumph will leave the port of Fort Lauderdale, the Carnival Paradise will depart from the Port of Tampa, and the Carnival Victory and Carnival Sensation cruises will sail from the Port of Miami, in southeastern Florida.

“Cuba has been a very popular destination among our cruisers and we are delighted to offer more opportunities to experience and explore this fascinating destination,” Christine Duffy, president of Carnival, told EFE.

With regards to air service, United Airlines recently indicated that as of 20 July it will increase direct daily services between the city of Houston (Texas) and Havana.

“This expansion to Havana will provide significant public benefits to our city — where many speak Spanish — as well as to the region and the state,” Houston Mayor Houston Sylvester Turner said in a statement.

United Airlines, which opened its first ticket sales office in Havana in 2017, operates the “only service to the Cuban capital from the entire center and west of the United States” and also offers daily direct flights from New York, the airline said.

Meanwhile, JetBlue announced last week that as of 10 November it will operate direct flights on Saturdays from Logan International Airport in Boston to Jose Martí Airport in Havana.

JetBlue will also expand its flights to Cuba with up to three daily flights to Havana from the Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport, north of Miami, also starting in November.


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Cuban Doctors, a Controversial Signing in Kenya and Uganda

Signing of the Health Agreement last year in Geneva with Minister Roberto Morales Ojeda on the Cuban side.

14ymedio biggerEFE, via 14ymedio, Pedro Alonso, Nairobi, 6 May 2018 — Hundreds of Cuban doctors are going to cross the Caribbean Sea for the African savannah and will travel to Kenya and Uganda to strengthen their public health services, but without even boarding the plane, they already encounter the rejection of unions and medical associations.

Last week, Kenya and Cuba signed an agreement for one hundred Cuban doctors to come to the African country and fifty Kenyan doctors to travel to the Caribbean island to receive training, especially in the field of family medicine.

The agreement was signed after the historic visit the president of Kenya, Uhuru Kenyatta, made to Cuba in March to boost bilateral cooperation, the first of a Kenyan head of state since both countries established diplomatic relations in 2001. continue reading

The Kenyan Ministry of Health of Kenya insists that the Cuban reinforcements, scheduled for before July, will improve access in rural areas to specialized medical services in areas such as oncology, nephrology and dermatology.

In neighboring Uganda, the president, Yoweri Museveni, returned this week to defend his government’s plan to hire 200 doctors from Cuba as a buffer against the persistent threats of strike by local doctors, who have called the project “treason.”

“I want to bring Cuban doctors because our people behaved very badly and unprofessionally, they started strikes, they incited other doctors and they let our patients die, they blackmailed us,” Museveni said last Tuesday.

During a celebration of Labor Day, the veteran president, who has led Uganda since 1986, referred to the three-week strike that last November paralyzed Ugandan hospitals to demand better wages, among other demands.

“A doctor who goes on strike is not a doctor, he is an enemy of our people and we should treat him as such,” snapped Museveni, not known for mincing words.

Despite the excellent global reputation of Cuba’s “white coats,” the unions and medical associations of the two countries reject the Cuban agreements outright, arguing that they are expensive and do not offer a permanent solution to the lack of specialists.

According to the Ugandan Minister of Public Service, Wilson Muruli Mukasa, the State will pay about 1,500 dollars a month for each Cuban doctor, a salary higher than the 1,200 dollars earned by a high rank Ugandan specialist doctor.

“Uganda already has many specialists, all we want now is better salaries, better working conditions and the tools to offer those services,” demanded the president of the Uganda Medical Association (UMA), Ekwaro Obuku.

The Kenyan Union of Physicians, Pharmacists and Dentists (KMPPDU) has urged the Ministry of Health to hire the more than 2,000 Kenyan doctors, including 171 specialists, who are looking for work, before importing doctors from the Latin American country.

“The Cubans are not going to come to do something that we can not do, they are not going to contribute anything special,” said KMPPDU general secretary Ouma Oluga, who believes that the government plan is a waste of public resources.

In the opinion of gynecologist Nelly Bosire, of the Board of Doctors and Dentists of Kenya, “Cuba trains doctors for export to generate income, Kenya can not afford to buy that expensive product, which should be manufactured at home.”

Doctor Bosire is not mistaken, because the sale of medical services is one of the main sources of income of Cuba, which in 2016 had doctors deployed in more than sixty countries, according to official data.

In contrast to some of the detractors, some voices advocate opening the doors of Kenyan and Ugandan hospitals to Cuban doctors, including the Kenyan entrepreneur Njoroge Mbugua, who received medical attention in CUba.

“On February 2, I started my medical treatment in Cuba and in the last seven weeks I have achieved more than in the two years I was hospitalized,” writes Mbugua in an article published on 8 April in the main Kenyan newspaper, Daily Nation.

In his “letter from the bed of a Cuban hospital,” the businessman relates that he spent a year in a hospital in Kenya and eleven months in centers in India and Dubai in search of a cure for his illness, until he arrived in Cuba, where he found “the end of the road” for his sorrows.

And, without the least bit of doubt, Mbugua sends a message to the Kenyan authorities: “Bring Cuban doctors.”


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Cuba Hopes To Grow Avocados Year-Round With New Planting System

Avocados are rich in vitamins D and E, potassium, folic acid and natural fats. (EFE)

14ymedio biggerEFE, via 14ymedio, 29 April 2018 — Cuba plans to harvest avocado year-round with a new system of staggered sowing that alternates different varieties and clones of the crop, designed to meet the high local demand for the fruit, which is also one of the products the island could export.

Created by the Institute of Tropical Fruit Research (IIFT), the proposal has already been applied with “encouraging results” in the western province of Artemisa, according to a report published Saturday by the state-run Cuban News Agency. continue reading

The IIFT’s research is also being applied to the harvesting of mamey sapote and focuses on the behavior of the fruits according to the state of maturation, the climate conditions and soil characteristics by region.

“The avocado, rich in vitamins D and E, potassium, folic acid and natural fats, can be planted throughout the year, provided that, among other factors, water is available to guarantee the plant’s requirements,” said IIFT director Guillermo Almenares.

With regards to the mamey, a fruit with a red pulp greatly appreciated for its digestive and antibiotic properties, Almenares said that they have selected artificially developed varieties that can be harvested at various periods of the year.

The Tropical Fruit Research Institute, based in Havana, is in charge of providing the scientific and technical base to achieve sustainability and competitiveness for the fruit agroindustry in Cuba.

On the island there are more than 300 agricultural cooperatives responsible for maintaining a stable and diverse supply of fruits in the state agricultural markets and hotels, a mission that is not always fulfilled in the case of the markets that serve the population.

Cuba has 10.9 million hectares of total area, of which about 6.2 million are agricultural and 3.3 million are forested.

Within the economic reforms promoted by former President Raúl Castro, one of the objectives of the Cuban Government is to encourage local food production, since the island spends about 2.5 billion dollars a year to import food.


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Press Association Expresses Concern Over Restrictions on the Press in Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua

14ymedio biggerEFE, via 14ymedio, Miami, 2 May 2018 — The Inter American Press Association (IAPA) is commemorating World Press Freedom Day on Wednesday in a forum in Miami, and with a message of concern over the growing restrictions on journalists’ work and the persistence of “authoritarianism” in Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua.

IAPA’s president, the Peruvian Gustavo Mohme, spoke about “the lack of protection of journalists to carry out their work safely and without restrictions and the numerous reports of harassment of the press that manifests itself in various ways and in many countries” of the American continent. continue reading

His message for World Press Freedom Day, celebrated tomorrow, May 3, complements the forum that will be held today by the IAPA, the Inter-American Institute for Democracy (IID), the Foundation for Human Rights in Cuba and Fundamedios.

The forum will hear presentations from, among others, the Cuban journalist, writer and analyst Carlos Alberto Montaner, exiled in Miami and president of IID, independent Cuban journalist Yoani Sánchez, and Ricardo Trotti, the executive director of the IAPA, an organization that addresses written and digital press in the entire continent.

Mohme said in his message that, just between May 2017 and today, 23 journalists have been killed in the exercise of their profession.

Brazil, El Salvador, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras and Mexico, the scenes of some of these crimes, are “functional” democracies like many of the countries in the region, but, Mohme points out, “restrictions on the practice of journalism proliferate” despite this.

Obstacles range from regulations and decrees to financial strangulation of the media, censorship, harassment and ultimately death.

Mohme also referred to the “authoritarianism still existing” in Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela and emphasized that it was for this reason that he defended, at the 8th Summit of the Americas held in Lima, Peru in April, the need to persevere in the promotion of democracy and the denunciation of violations of human rights.

“We will only cease our demands when all Nicaraguans, Venezuelans and Cubans have the right to freely elect their representatives, dissent is respected, and they can exercise the rights of assembly, movement and expression,” he said.

Mohme also said that the digital revolution presents new scenarios and challenges in relation to freedoms and stressed that the IAPA is dedicated to incorporating principles into the Declaration of Chapultepec that address new developments in technology.


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Cuban Government to Build 42-Story Hotel, the Highest in Havana

Currently, the Hotel Habana Libre is the highest in the capital. The hotel opened in 1958 as the Havana Hilton, and in 1959 served as Fidel Castro’s headquarters for 3 months, immediately after the triumph of the Revolution. A few years later it was nationalized. (DCuba)

14ymedio biggerEFE via 14ymedio, Havana, 27 April 2018 — Cuban authorities will construct a 5-star, 42-story, 500 foot high hotel, the tallest of its type in Havana, the official media informed the island today.

The 565-room facility, which will begin construction in September, will be located in the central area at 23rd and K streets, in the heart of El Vedado neighborhood and in front of the emblematic Coppelia ice cream parlour, according to Deysi Malvares, director of development for Almest, the State real estate company. continue reading

The first thirteen months of this investment, with 100 percent Cuban capital, will focus on constructing the basement and access areas, and then the rest of the building will be built over a period of two and a half years, according to information from Almest cited by the Cuban News Agency (ACN).

The new hotel, planned to open in 2022, will outshine its neighbor, the emblematic 25-story Habana Libre, which stands 416 feet high, which after its opening in 1958 was the tallest hotel in Latin America.

Currently the tallest structure in Havana is the monument to Cuban hero José Martí, a tiered pyramid that stands 466 feet above the Plaza of the Revolution. From the top of the monument visitors can enjoy a 360-degree panoramic view of the entire city.

Almest reports that there are other 5-star hotel projects planned for Cuba’s capital city, in an investment program that contemplates the construction of 7,500 rooms by the year 2025.

Last year, Havana premiered the Grand Hotel Manzana Kempinski, Cuba’s first five-star-plus luxury tourist facility, built with 100% Cuban capital by Almest and the Union of Military Constructions International Economic Association (UCM)-Bouygues.

Official projections by Cuban tourist authorities for 2018 anticipate five million visitors, with the aim of breaking the previous records of almost 4.7 and 4.5 million travelers who arrived on the island in 2017 and 2016, respectively.

But to accommodate these aspirations for tourism growth new hotels must be opened, including 15 this year alone, with the goal of having more than 100,000 rooms by 2030 in the country’s main cities.

Cuba currently has some 68,000 rooms in 366 hotels, more than half of which are operated by 88 contracts with 20 international chains.


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Cuba Denounces Attempts to Destabilize Nicaragua and Reiterates Support for Ortega

Nicaragua and Cuba have maintained close relations in the periods in which the Central American country has been governed by Daniel Ortega. (EFE)

14ymedio biggerEFE via 14ymedio, Havana, 29 April 2018 — Today Cuba denounced attempts to “destabilize” Nicaragua, rejected “interference in its internal affairs” and reaffirmed Cuba’s support for Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega in his efforts to solve the crisis of violence in the country, where at least 42 people have already died.

The official declaration, signed by the Cuban Foreign Ministry, “denounces the attempts aimed at destabilizing the Republic of Nicaragua, a country that lives in peace and where remarkable social, economic and security advances have been made in favor of its people.” continue reading

The Cuban foreign ministry is reacting to the protests that have been taking place in the Central American country since April 18, due to the failed social security reform promoted by Ortega’s government. Several sectors of the population are demanding that Ortega and his wife, Vice President Rosario Murillo, both resign.

The demonstrations are continuing despite the fact that the Nicaraguan president withdrew his proposed measures.

Since the protests began a week ago, violent clashes have left at least 42 dead and 48 missing, according to the Nicaraguan Center for Human Rights (Cenidh).

In the statement, Cuba’s Foreign Ministry noted its “commitment to the principles of the proclamation of Latin America and the Caribbean as a Zone of Peace,” signed in 2014 by the heads of the State of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC), and rejected “interference in the internal affairs of our sister nation.”

“The Foreign Ministry supports the sovereign efforts of the people and the Sandinista Government of Nicaragua, chaired by Commander Daniel Ortega and Vice President Rosario Murillo, to preserve the dialogue, peace and well-being of Nicaraguans,” concluded the text, which was aired on Cuban state television.

Nicaragua and Cuba have maintained close relations during periods in which the Central American country has been governed by Ortega, which in the first period covered the entire decade of the 1980s, followed by a second period that began in 2007.


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"Children of the Revolution" Strip Naked Cuba’s "Military Capitalism" in a Book

“There is no social equality in the dictatorship,” said the book’s editor, Marlene Azor. (Screen capture)

14ymedio biggerEFE, via 14ymedio, Madrid, 9 April 2018 — “The children of the revolution stripped naked Cuban military authoritarian capitalism,” said Armando Chaguaceda, a professor at the University of Guanajuato (Mexico), on Monday, in his presentation of the book Human Rights: Realities and Challenges in Cuba.

Together with the editor of the volume, Marlene Azor, a professor at the Autonomous Metropolitan University of Mexico, Chaguaceda explained that the authors who contributed their articles “are born and live” on the island and their “academic inquiry intersects with activism.” continue reading

He emphasized, however, the academic rigor of the analysis of the situation of social, economic and cultural rights in Cuba from different perspectives.

According to his words, the authors “live in the so-called gray area, and are children of the revolution. This is not a research effort carried out from exile.”

At the event at the headquarters of the Atlantic Institute of Government, launched by José María Aznar in 2014, editor Marlene Azor denied the reality of the proclaimed achievements of the Castro revolution in the fields of health, education, access to water, culture and housing.

She criticized the Government of Cuba for ending the publication of poverty rates more than 20 years ago and recalled that, since the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of its “subsidies,” things that had been considered social rights have ceased to be so.

“There is no social equality in the dictatorship,” she said, calling into question the existence of revolutionary successes and added that “there is no such success.”

Azor affirmed that there was a “national famine” in the early nineties and its existence has been denied by the Cuban government.

According to her data, the only improvements that the island’s economy has experienced since then is a slight increase in consumption and a reduction in power cuts, but she pointed out that “the level of precariousness is very important.”

She dismissed the official unemployment figure of 3.5% and reported that unemployment among the working age population of the Island reaches 28%, while incomes, she explained, are barely sufficient to cover anything other than food.

She also highlighted the absence of the right to freedom of association and collective bargaining in the country, and added that the country also lacks “freedom of employment.”

“All professionals are captives of state companies,” and do not even have the right to strike, said Azor, consistent with the fact that professionals are forbidden to practice independently, outside the state.

In her opinion, Cuba is “worse than any country with marginal capitalism” and cited as an example Haiti “where workers can strike.”

The housing deficit is another of the social deficiencies denounced by the book’s editor, who argued that at least 1.2 million homes are needed to meet the Island’s demand.

According to the data managed by Azor, only 5.7% of the population has running water 24 hours a day while for a large part of the population water is delivered via tanker trucks, which in common parlance are called “pipes.”

“It is a lie the size of the Eiffel Tower that no one is homeless in Cuba,” she said when referring to the state budget cuts, which she said have also affected social rights.

“Yes there are the rich and the very poor” in Cuba, said Azor.

Chaguaceda and Azor agreed in emphasizing the limitations of the expected political reforms which, they pointed out, could restart the initiatives begun with the support for cooperatives in 2011, which were paralyzed in 2017.

For Chaguaceda there will be “evolution, not transition” with the disappearance of the Castro brothers’ political scenario and he indicated that “everything points to (Miguel) Diaz-Canel,” the current vice president as the country’s next strongman.


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Almagro Laments the Illegitimate Transition of Cuba’s Dictatorship

Luis Almagro, Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS)

14ymedio bigger14ymedio via EFE, 20April 2018 —  The Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS), Luis Almagro, lamented on Thursday what he called the “illegitimate transition” of Cuba’s “dictatorship” with now former Cuban president Raúl Castro replaced by his chosen successor, Miguel Díaz-Canel.

“Revolution is not defined as the triumph of dictatorship over freedom. The presidential succession that we have just witnessed is an attempt to perpetuate an autocratic, dynastic regime,” says Almagro in a written statement.

“It represents decades without democracy and the violation of human rights and fundamental freedoms.” continue reading

The fifty-eight-year-old Díaz-Canel was proclaimed president of the Council of State and Council of Ministers by Cuba’s National Assembly after being voted into office by 603 of its 604 deputies, an electoral margin of 99.83%.

Díaz-Canel replaces eighty-six-year-old Raúl Castro, who left office after two terms.

Almagro claims that Díaz-Canel was chosen by the National Assembly “without the free expression of the Cuban people,” noting that “when a people’s sovereignty is ignored, it deligitimizes of the authority of its rulers.”

“A regime that imprisons and silences opponents and dissidents, which has eliminated freedom of expression, which has carried out selective executions of political prisoners, is not a system which can be assimilated or whose political practices are acceptable in this hemisphere in 2018,” says Almagro.

“Our hemisphere,” he added, “must continue to demand democracy, freedom, human rights, accountability and that dictators be brought before Inter-American and international courts of justice.

Cuba was suspended from OAS in 1962 after the triumph Cuban revolution, led by Fidel Castro. Although the organization’s member states lifted that suspension in 2009, Cuba has so far declined to rejoin.


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Díaz-Canel, Raúl Castro’s Disciplined Pupil Who Will Pilot Post-Castroism

Miguel Díaz-Canel, named as a possible successor to Raúl Castro, with Castro and, between them, Castro’s grandson/bodyguard. (EFE)

14ymedio biggerEFE, via 14ymedio, Havana, 18 April 2018 — Miguel Diaz-Canel, Raúl Castro’s disciplined pupil, prepares to enter Cuban history books as the first president of post-Castroism, after a career forged from the base of the Communist Party, amidst unknowns regarding how he will pilot the new era that opens on the Island.

The name of the current first vice president is first on the proposed list from the National Candidacy Commission (CCN) for the formation of the highest government body, the State Council, which will be put to a vote in the National Assembly, the result of which will not be known until tomorrow. continue reading

The first president of Cuba in almost 60 years who will not be named Castro and who will not wear a military uniform (if we exclude the case of Osvaldo Dorticós, who formally filled the presidential chair under Fidel Castros’s rule and committed suicide in 1983), will lead the generational change promised by his predecessor, in a meticulously designed succession whose objective is to ensure the survival of the socialist system.

Belonging to a generation that did not participate in the struggle of the Sierra Maestra, educated in communist orthodoxy and marked in his youth by the socialism sponsored by the extinct USSR, Díaz-Canel is a man of the Communist Party (PCC) who has climbed, step by step and without histrionics, the rungs of power until reaching the highest leadership level.

“He is not an upstart nor unprepared,” said Raul Castro when in 2013 Diaz-Canel was appointed first vice president, the regime’s number two, which became his launching pad for the presidency.

Born in Placetas in 1960, this electronic engineer who turns 58 on Friday began his political career in 1987 in the Union of Young Communists (UJC) at the Central University of Las Villas, where he worked as a teacher.

Seven years later and, after progressing in the ranks of the UJC and joining the PCC, he was appointed first secretary of the party in his native province of Villa Clara.

There he left the imprint of a person accessible and close to the people during the hard times of the so-called Special Period in a Time of Peace, after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the loss of its enormous economic support for the Island. In Villa Clara he could be seen touring the neighborhoods by bike or on foot, dancing at festive events and even supporting initiatives such as El Mejunje, a pioneering center in transvestite shows which become a symbol of the struggle for LGTBQI rights.

In 2003 he took a major step in his career: in addition to being named first secretary of the Party in the province of Holguín, he joined the all-powerful Political Bureau of the PCC.

He was already in General Raul Castro’s sights, who at that time emphasized Diaz-Canel’s “high sense of collective work and effectiveness with subordinates” and his “strong ideological firmness.”

His move to the national government came in 2009 as Minister of Higher Education. Four years later, in 2013, he was elevated to first vice president of the Councils of State and of Ministers, “a defining step in shaping the future direction of the country,” Raúl Castro announced at that time.

With a serious mien and somewhat cold and expressionless in his official appearances, Díaz-Canel is an experienced politician who has behaved cautiously, aware of the risks involved in being tempted by “the honey of power.”

Temptations that ended in the defenestration of previous “dauphins” of Castroism, including Roberto Robaina and Carlos Lage, two of the failed promises of the Fidelista era that attracted the spotlight more than Castro allowed.

Now, as “number two,” Díaz-Canel has become visible to Cubans and internationally: on the island his appearance in the state media has been constant and in the last five years he has made numerous international visits and tours.

In his public speeches, Díaz-Canel has exhibited a discourse faithful to revolutionary orthodoxy, with continuous references of loyalty to Fidel and Raúl Castro and to the historical generation that fought in the Sierra Maestra.

Like his mentor, Díaz-Canel is not a friend of lavish personal displays before the media and even less so before international ones, although he has spoken on several occasions of ending the secrecy of news sources and has admitted limitations in the official media.

One aspect that distinguishes him from his predecessors is a certain sensitivity to promoting new technologies in Cuba – among the countries in the world with the least access to the Internet – but with a view to counteracting the “pseudo-cultural avalanche,” “the banal” and “the subversive,” in order to replace it with the “contents of the Revolution.”

The challenges Díaz-Canel faces are as many as the uncertainties he arouses.

Having ruled out a political transition, the candidate is called to complete the reforms that Raúl Castro has left pending such as ending the Island’s dual currency system, expanding private work, growing foreign investment and improving the precarious salaries in the state sector.

Another question is how he will manage the battered relations with the United States after the brakes imposed by the Trump administration on the thaw between the two nations.

And one of the most interesting enigmas is how he will consolidate his own leadership, both before the population and in the complex balances of power in Cuba between the Communist Party, the Armed Forces and the Government, and between the reformist and orthodox sectors.

Diaz-Canel is a leader circumspect about his family life, although it is known that he has two children from his first marriage.

His second wife is Liz Cuesta, an academic expert in Cuban culture who has been seen in numerous public events, where she projects herself, in an unprecedented image in revolutionary Cuba, as a “first lady” of the country.


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Cuba Drilling the Deepest Horizontal Oil Well in Latin America

The well is located on the north coast of the island, and is already 6 km deep, although it must reach a record of more than 8.2. (Rincón cubano)

14ymedio biggerEFE, via 14ymedio, 4 April 2018 — Cuba is moving along with the drilling that will soon come to be the deepest horizontal oil well in all of Latin America and the Caribbean, located on the north side of the island (Cuba ) where it has already passed the 6 kilometer mark and will soon reach the record of 8.2 km according to a notice this past Wednesday from the official press.

The drilling of the West Varadero 1008 long range well has been supported with financing and guidance from Cuba, which has chosen this technolgy in order to “exploit from the coast, the crude that lies beneath the ocean” and “to lower the cost of investment” as pointed out on front page of the state daily Juventud Rebelde (Rebel Youth). continue reading

The drilling began on the twenty-eighth of December 2016 at Boca de Camarioca, Matanzas and has been complicated “by the geology of subterranean rock” explained the Director General of the state Central Company for the Drilling and Extraction of Petroleum, Marcos Antonio Pestana.

According to the bulletin, CCDEP has produced 8000 tons of petroleum more than was previously planned for the trimester.

“Drilling always brings on new challenges and we are, at this time, drilling six wells which are very promising for company production and for the nation,” added Pestana.

Since January of 2018, operations of the company have reached up to the central area of Ciego de Avila. In Cuba, the first long distance oil well was the Varadero 1000 and today there are already a total of nine active wells with this technology in Cuba.

The Cuban energy system depends almost completely on petroleum although the nation is working towards sources of clean energy.

At this time, Havana is looking for alternative providers in light of the reduction of shipments of crude at subsidized prices from Venezuela, its main regional ally

According to some estimates, in the last two years, Venezuela has reduced its shipments down to fifty-five thousand barrels daily, about half of its peak shipments because of its economic crisis and the fall of the price of petroleum.

Recently the Island announced a new petroleum supply agreement in exchange for medical assistance with Algeria, which in 2017 brought some 2.1 million barrels of crude to Cuba, an amount that could be repeated this year, according to involved sources.

Russia also came to the aid of its former ally and shipped, this past year, 200,000 tons of petroleum for the Cuban company Cubametals under an agreement between the governments of Moscow and Havana.

The Russian state petroleum company Rosneft has also negotiated the development of future projects in conjunction with the production of petroleum within Cuba on land as well as in the ocean.

Translated by William Fitzhugh (Welcome back, from HemosOido!)


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Latin American Youth Network Calls Out Cuban Intelligence’s Interference at the Summit of the Americas

Members of the Network delivered the letter to several institutions, such as the embassy of Peru. (Facebook)

14ymedio biggerEFE, via 14ymedio, Miami, 4 April 2018 — The Latin American Youth Network for Democracy sent a letter to Foreign Minister Néstor Francisco Popolizio and other Peruvian high officials, warning of the “grave danger” that they believe “interference from agents of the Cuban dictatorship” represents for the 8th Summit of the Americas.

The letter, which Efe had access to, is addressed to Popolizio, Antonio García Revilla, national coordinator for the Summit Process, and Marcio M. Bendezú Echevarría, regional prefect of Metropolitan Lima, and will also be delivered to the embassies of the countries participating in the Summit, which will take place in the capital of Peru on April 13 and 14. continue reading

The Network, made up of young people from 20 countries, reiterates that its members will participate in the Social Summit that will take place as a complement to the presidents’ meeting, and expresses its hope that “the Peruvian authorities will be able to guarantee the security” of its members and delegates from Cuban and Venezuelan civil society.

The president of the Network, Rosa María Payá, and the coordinator, Jatzel Roman González, urge the Peruvian authorities not to “tolerate” what they say happened at the previous Summit in Panama, in 2015, “the ‘neighborhood bully’ attitude of the Castro delegation.”

The letter emphasizes that in Panama “shock troops of the Castro regime, led at that time by the current Minister of Culture of the dictatorship, Abel Prieto, attacked with blows and shouts formally accredited members of civil society of the Americas.”

“Three years later, the goal of the Cuban regime remains the same: to prevent the Civil Society Summit from being held because a dictatorship cannot tolerate sharing space with those who peacefully oppose their repressive actions and dare to express it,” the letter adds.

The Latin American Youth Network and the delegation of independent Cuban civil society at the Social Summit are already suffering “aggressions by the Cuban regime,” they point out.

The letter mentions an episode with the Cuban ambassador at the Hemispheric Dialogue in Lima, who “lashed out against Jorge Vallejo, the Peruvian representative who served as spokesman for Coalition 26 and director of our Network.”

The letter also refers to a message on the official Twitter account of the Cuban Foreign Ministry in which it warns that “Cuba will not allow offenses, disrespect or provocation” from the Latin American Youth Network during the Summit.

“Given all the threats and aggressions launched from the institutions and the Castro media, we are obliged to hold the Government in Cuba and the Peruvian authorities responsible for the physical integrity of all of our members,” the signatories of the letter write.

Payá and González also warn of the “dangerous error and incoherence of extending an invitation [to the Summit] to the representatives of the Cuban dictatorship,” after praising the exclusion of representatives of the “Venezuelan dictatorship.”

At the end of the letter, the Network’s directors state: “Our young people are not controlled by fear, we will continue peacefully fighting dictatorships from one end of our region to the other.”


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